WSSD AND BANGLADESH
Bangladesh presents a test case of
sustainable environmental management. Extreme pressure of a huge
population of more than 120 million on a limited resource base,
including land, has strained the countries carrying capacity.
Bangladesh is a live delta and its soil is still in a formative stage.
Most of the time a major part of the land mass remains under water. More
than two hundred rivers and their tributaries crisscross the country.
Some of them are unstable rivers and are constantly changing their
courses. The country has 54 common rivers with India. These rivers act
as huge drains to the Bay of Bengal and carry sediment to the sea.
Bangladesh frequently visited by natural disaster like floods, cyclones,
tornadoes, tidal bases and droughts. Causalities due to floods, cyclones
and tidal bores are enormous.
Bangladesh is dependent on its natural resources for employment,
earnings of revenue and foreign exchange. About 80 per cent of the
population relies on agriculture, for their livelihood. This puts on
intolerable stress on limited resource base and degrades the
environment. The important areas of environmental concern are decline in
soil fertility, water and air pollution, denudation of natural forests
and degradation of wetlands and coastal areas. These are mainly due to
industrial pollution, excessive use of chemical fertilizers and
pesticides, excessive exploitation of natural resources for commercial
purposes, floods and other natural hazards. High population growth and
abject poverty are also extremely important factors for environmental
degradation. These factors accompanied by resource degradation, are
posing a great changes to the sustainability and viability of the